Common Birds of Alabama

American Crow

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Corvus brachyrhynchos OTHER NAMES: Common crow STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons in all inland regions. In Gulf Coast region, uncommon to fairly common in all seasons. Lowest Conservation Concern. DESCRIPTION: At 17 to 21 inches, …

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American Goldfinch

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Spinus tristis STATUS: Breeder. Fairly common to common in all seasons in Tennessee Valley and Mountain regions. In Inland Coastal Plain, common in winter, spring, and fall, and uncommon in summer. In Gulf Coast region, common in winte …

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American Robin

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Turdus migratorius OTHER NAMES: Robin Redbreast STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons in Tennessee Valley and Mountain regions. In Inland Coastal Plain region, common in winter, spring, and fall, and uncommon in summer. In Gulf Coast …

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Bald Eagle

  SCIENTIFIC NAME: Haliaeetus leucocephalus STATUS: Breeder. Fairly common in winter, spring, and fall in Tennessee Valley region, and uncommon in summer. In other regions, uncommon throughout year. Low Conservation Concern. DESCRIPTION:  The Bald …

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Barn Swallow

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hirundo rustica STATUS: Breeder. Common in spring, summer, and fall in inland regions. In Gulf Coast region, common in spring, summer, and fall, and occasional in winter. Low Conservation Concern.

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Barred Owl

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Strix varia OTHER NAMES:Swamp owl, hoot owl, rain owl, eight hooter. STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons and in all regions. Lowest Conservation Concern. DESCRIPTION: Barred owls belong to Order Strigiformes, as do all birds who hav …

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Blue Jay

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cyanocitta cristata STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions. Low Conservation Concern.

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Brown Pelican

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pelecanus occidentalis OTHER NAMES: American brown pelican, common pelican. STATUS: Breeder. Common on Gulf Coast. Occasional inland. Low Conservation Concern. DESCRIPTION: The brown pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) is a fairly large w …

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Brown-headed Nuthatch

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sitta pusilla STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions, but local in Tennessee Valley region. Low Conservation Concern.

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Carolina Chickadee

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Poecile carolinensis STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions. Low Conservation Concern. DESCRIPTION: Carolina chickadees are small birds four to five inches in length and being mostly gray above and white below. They have ve …

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Carolina Wren

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Thryothorus ludovicianus OTHER NAMES: Great Carolina Wren, Mocking Wren and Florida Wren. STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions. Lowest Conservation Concern. DESCRIPTION: The Carolina wren (Thryothorus ludovicianus) is a s …

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Cedar Waxwing

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Bombycilla cedrorum STATUS: Breeder. Common in winter, spring, and fall, and rare in summer in Mountain and Tennessee Valley regions. In Gulf Coast and Inland Coastal Plain regions, common in winter, spring, and fall, and occasional in …

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Chimney Swift

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chaetura pelagica STATUS: Breeder. Common in spring, summer, and fall in all regions. MODERATE CONSERVATION CONCERN. DESCRIPTION: Chimney swifts, Chaetura pelagica, are generally 4 _ to 5 _ inches long. They are an all dark charcoal gr …

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Chipping Sparrow

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Spizella passerina STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons in Tennessee Valley and Mountain regions. In Inland Coastal Plain region, common in winter, spring. and fall, and fairly common in summer. In Gulf Coast region, common in winter …

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Cooper’s Hawk

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Accipiter cooperii OTHER NAMES: Chicken hawk, blue darter, quail hawk STATUS: Breeder. Fairly common in fall in Gulf Coast region, uncommon in winter and spring, and rare in summer. In other regions, uncommon year-round. Low Conservati …

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Eastern Bluebird

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sialia sialis STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions. Lowest Conservation Concern. DESCRIPTION: The Eastern bluebird (Sialia sialis) is a small thrush size bird standing only six to eight inches tall and weighs about 1 ounc …

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Eastern Kingbird

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Tyrannus tyrannus STATUS: Breeder. Common in spring, summer, and fall in all regions. Low Conservation Concern. DESCRIPTION: The Eastern kingbird is a medium- sized songbird that is dark black to grey-black on the head and back with wh …

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Eastern Phoebe

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sayornis phoebe STATUS: Breeder. Fairly common in all seasons in Tennessee Valley and Mountain regions. In Inland Coastal Plain, common in winter, spring, and fall, and uncommon to rare in summer. In Gulf Coast region, common in winter …

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Eastern Towhee

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pipilo erythrophthalmus OTHER NAMES: Chewink, Swamp Robin, Bullfinch, Red-eyed Towhee, Ground Robin, Jo-ree, Brush-bird, Turkey Sparrow, Rufous-Sided Towhee STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions. Low Conservation Concern. …

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Great Blue Heron

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ardea herodias OTHER NAMES. Crane, Blue Crane, Egret, White Heron, Long Tom. STATUS: Breeder. Common throughout state in all seasons. Low Conservation Concern. DESCRIPTION. A large (46 long with a 72 wingspan) lean, slate-gray colored …

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Great Egret

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ardea alba OTHER NAMES: Common or American egret STATUS: Breeder. Common throughout year on Inland Coastal Plain and Gulf Coast regions. Common to fairly common in spring, summer, and fall in Tennessee Valley and Mountain regions, but …

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Green Heron

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Butorides virescens OTHER NAMES: Green-backed heron, little green heron, swamp squaggin, fly-up-the-creek and skeow. STATUS: Breeder. Common in spring, summer, and fall in all regions. Rare in winter in Mountain, Inland Coastal Plain, …

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Hooded Warbler

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Setophaga citrina STATUS: Breeder. Common in spring, summer, and fall in all regions. Lowest Conservation Concern. DESCRIPTION: The hooded warbler is a small bird, five and a half inches in length, but it is very striking in appearance …

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Indigo Bunting

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Passerina cyanea STATUS: Breeder. Common in spring, summer, and fall, and rare in winter in Gulf Coast region. Common in spring, summer, and fall, and occasional in winter in inland regions. Low Conservation Concern.

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Killdeer

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Charadrius vocifurus OTHER NAMES: killdee; pasture-bird; noisy plover; field plover; chattering plover STATUS: Breeder. Common in all regions and seasons. Low Conservation Concern. DESCRIPTION: Killdeer (Charadrius vocifurus) are one o …

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Laughing Gull

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Leucophaeus atricilla STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons in Gulf Coast region. In other regions, rare in all seasons. Lowest Conservation Concern.

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Mourning Dove

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zenaida macroura STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions. Lowest Conservation Concern. DESCRIPTION: Zenaida macroura belongs to the family of doves and pigeons known as Columbidae. They are a medium sized bird with a delicat …

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Northern Cardinal

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cardinalis cardinalis STATUS: Common in all seasons and regions. Lowest Conservation Concern. DESCRIPTION: Northern cardinals are a medium-sized songbird well known for their brilliant red coloration and beautiful songs. Males are near …

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Northern Flicker

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Colaptes auratus OTHER NAMES: Yellow-shafted flicker, red-shafted flicker, common flicker. STATUS: Breeder. Fairly common to uncommon in all seasons and regions. Designated the official state bird by the Alabama Legislature. MODERATE C …

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Northern Mockingbird

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Mimus polyglottos STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions. Low Conservation Concern. DESCRIPTION: The northern mockingbird is a medium-sized songbird measuring about nine inches and weighing about two ounces. It has long leg …

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Prothonotary Warbler

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Protonotaria citrea STATUS: Breeder. Common in spring, summer, and early fall in all regions. MODERATE CONSERVATION CONCERN.

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Red-bellied Woodpecker

SCIENTIFIC NAME:Melanerpes carolinus STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions. Lowest Conservation Concern. DESCRIPTION: The most common woodpecker in the southeast, the red-bellied woodpecker is about nine to ten inches tall with a wingspan …

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Red-tailed Hawk

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Buteo jamaicensis STATUS: Breeder. Common in winter, fairly common in spring and fall, and uncommon in summer in Gulf Coast region. In other regions, common in winter and fairly common in spring, summer, and fall. Lowest Conservation C …

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Red-winged Blackbird

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Agelaius phoeniceus OTHER NAMES: Red Wing STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions. Low Conservation Concern. DESCRIPTION: The red-winged blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus) belongs to the family of birds (Icteridae) that include …

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Rose-breasted Grosbeak

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pheucticus ludovicianus STATUS: Common in spring and fall statewide, and occasional in winter in mostly gulf coast region.

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Royal Tern

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Thalasseus maxima STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons in Gulf Coast region. Occasional in fall after storms inland, mostly in Mountain and Inland Coastal Plain regions. DESCRIPTION: A large tern only exceeded in size by the Caspian …

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Ruby-throated Hummingbird

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Archilochus colubris OTHER NAMES: Common hummingbird; Ruby Throat STATUS: Breeder. Common in spring, summer, and fall, and rare in winter in Gulf Coast regions. In other regions, common in spring, summer, and fall, and occasional in wi …

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Ruddy Turnstone

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Arenaria interpres STATUS: Common in winter and spring, fairly common in late summer, and rare in early summer in Gulf Coast region. In other regions, rare in spring and fall. MODERATE CONSERVATION CONCERN.

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Sanderling

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Calidris alba STATUS: Common in winter, spring, and fall, fairly common in late summer, and uncommon to rare in early summer in Gulf Coast region. In other regions, occasional to rare in spring, and rare to uncommon in late summer and …

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Sandhill Crane

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Grus canadensis OTHER NAMES: sandies, cranes, Sunday turkey STATUS: Historical breeder. Uncommon in winter and rare in spring and fall in Gulf Coast region. In other regions, uncommon to rare in winter, early spring, and fall, though c …

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Savannah Sparrow

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Passerculus sandwichensis STATUS: Common in winter, spring, and fall in all regions. Low Conservation Concern.

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Snowy Plover

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Charadrius nivosus Linnaeus OTHER NAMES: Beach Plover, Snowy Ringed Plover, Kentish Plover (Page 1995). STATUS: Breeder. Uncommon to rare and local in all seasons in Gulf Coast region. HIGHEST CONSERVATION CONCERN. DESCRIPTION: A small …

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Summer Tanager

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Piranga rubra STATUS: Breeder. Common in spring, summer, and fall, and occiasional in winter in all regions. Lowest Conservation Concern.

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Swallow-tailed Kite

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Elanoides forficatus (Linnaeus) OTHER NAMES: Fork-tailed Hawk, Swallow-tailed Hawk, Snake Hawk, Fish Hawk. STATUS: Breeder. Uncommon and local in summer, and rare in early fall in Inland Coastal Plain and Gulf Coast regions. Occasional …

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Tufted Titmouse

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Baeolophus bicolor STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions. Lowest Conservation Concern.

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Turkey Vulture

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cathartes aura OTHER NAMES: Buzzard, John Crow, Carrion Crow. STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions. Lowest Conservation Concern. DESCRIPTION: Turkey vultures are large birds with brownish-black feathers. When on the groun …

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White-breasted Nuthatch

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sitta carolinensis STATUS: Breeder. Fairly common in all seasons in Tennessee Valley and Mountain regions. In Inland Coastal Plain, rare in all seasons. Occasional in Gulf Coast region. Lowest Conservation Concern.

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White-throated Sparrow

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zonotrichia albicollis STATUS: Common in winter, spring, and fall, and rare in summer in all regions. Low Conservation Concern.

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Wood Duck

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Aix sponsa OTHER NAMES: Woodie, summer duck, acorn duck, swamp duck, squealer. STATUS: Breeder. Common in all seasons and regions. Low Conservation Concern. DESCRIPTION: The wood duck (Aix sponsa) is a small, multicolored duck from 15 …

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Wood Stork

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Mycteria americana (Linnaeus) OTHER NAMES: Flinthead, Ironhead, Pond Gannet, Wood Ibis (Coulter et al. 1999). STATUS: Possible breeder. Fairly common in late summer and early fall, but occasional to rare in spring and late fall in Inla …

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Yellow-rumped Warbler

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Setophaga coronata STATUS: Common in winter, spring, and fall in all regions. Lowest Conservation Concern.

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